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Understanding Espionage

Understanding Espionage

What is Espionage?

Espionage, which oftentimes exist in tandem to its
colloquial classification known as ‘Spying’, is the criminal activity involving
the unlawful and unauthorized encroachment of one individual into the personal,
private space or domain belonging to another individual or entity; during this
encroachment, the individual accused of Espionage will typically – and
illegally – accumulate privileged information and date to which they are
unauthorized. In a large majority of Espionage cases, the victim of Espionage
is unaware that this unethical and illegal gathering of information is
occurring; typically, individuals will gain otherwise unauthorized access to
these restricted, private domains through tactics involving fraud, forgery, and
blatant misrepresentation. Although Espionage is a fairly generalized criminal
activity, the notion on Financial Espionage is not uncommon within the
setting(s) of both commercial and financial activity.

Types of Financial
Espionage

Financial Espionage can take place in a variety of methods;
in certain cases, this type of illegal encroachment can take place within a
physical, face-to-face setting – conversely, the advent of virtual technology
has allowed for Financial Espionage to take place remotely and anonymously:

Physical Financial Espionage

This type of Financial Espionage may occur in the event that
an individual is allowed to gain access to areas, domains, setting, and
information that is considered to be privileged; this may take place as a
result of that perpetrator being hired by a specific financial company while
under the employ – or contract – of a rival financial company. During the
fraudulent employ of the perpetrator of Financial Espionage, they may be
granted access to authorized financial records and reports; typically, this information
may be funneled back to the sponsors of the Financial Espionage for economic
gain

Virtual Financial Espionage

In accordance with the development of computer and
online-based technology, Financial Espionage taking place on a virtual level
has become increasingly prominent; upon the illegal and unlawful access of
financial records and reports belonging to individuals – while retaining the
classification of ‘privileged information’ may be accessed through a variety of
cyber-crimes employing electronic infiltration into data systems

Crimes Associated
with Financial Espionage

The classification of Financial Espionage is typically a
result of events or activities undertaken by the perpetrator of this crime
gaining unlawful access to information or data existing within the private –
and oftentimes restricted – domain belonging to another individual or entity;
subsequent the enacting of Financial Espionage, privileged financial
information, which varies in nature is obtained through fraudulent means. In addition,
subsequent to the attainment of this information, a wide range of criminal
activities can be associated with the fate of the unlawfully-attained
information:

Trespassing

This is classified as the physical act of unlawfully
encroaching on the property belonging to another individual in an unauthorized
manner; in certain cases, individuals accused of a variety of Espionage charges
have been subsequently accused of trespassing in order to
illicitly collect private and personal information

Forgery

Upon fraudulently presenting documentation in order to
obtain access to privileged information or data – albeit through illegality,
the presentation of unauthorized, duplicated documentation manufactured in
order to deceitfully illustrate authentic credentials

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